Psoriasis Around Eyes: What You Need to Know to Avoid Triggers and Reduce Flare-Ups
Understanding Psoriasis Around Eyes
Psoriasis around the eyes is a subtype of psoriasis that affects the skin around the eyes, including the eyelids, eyebrows, and the area between the eyes. It can occur on its own or in conjunction with other types of psoriasis on the body. Psoriasis around the eyes can be particularly challenging to manage because the skin in this area is delicate and sensitive. It can also affect a person's vision and cause discomfort.
Symptoms of Psoriasis Around Eyes
The symptoms of psoriasis around the eyes can vary from person to person, but they generally include redness, scaling, itching, and burning. The skin may be dry and flaky, and it may become swollen and tender. In severe cases, psoriasis around the eyes may cause the eyelids to become puffy and swollen, making it difficult to open or close the eyes. If left untreated, psoriasis around the eyes can lead to complications such as eyelid malposition, eye infections, and vision problems.
Causes of Psoriasis Around Eyes
The exact cause of psoriasis around the eyes is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an overactive immune system. Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition, which means that the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues, including the skin. This leads to inflammation and the rapid growth of skin cells. Psoriasis around the eyes may also be triggered by environmental factors such as stress, infection, injury, or certain medications.
Triggers of Psoriasis Around Eyes
Psoriasis around the eyes can be triggered by a variety of factors, including stress, cold weather, dry air, and certain medications. Other triggers may include smoking, alcohol consumption, and exposure to allergens such as dust, pollen, or pet dander. It is essential to identify and avoid these triggers to prevent psoriasis flare-ups.
Best Practices to Reduce Flare-Ups
To reduce flare-ups of psoriasis around the eyes, it is important to adopt healthy lifestyle practices such as getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet. It is also important to avoid triggers such as stress, cold weather, and certain medications. Keeping the skin around the eyes moisturized and using sunscreen can also help to reduce flare-ups.
Treatment Options for Psoriasis Around Eyes
There are several treatment options available for psoriasis around the eyes, including topical medications, phototherapy, and systemic medications. Topical medications such as corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors can be applied directly to the affected area to reduce inflammation and itching. Phototherapy involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light, which can help to slow down the rapid growth of skin cells. Systemic medications such as biologics and immunosuppressants may be recommended for severe cases of psoriasis around the eyes.
Home Remedies for Psoriasis Around Eyes
In addition to medical treatments, there are several home remedies that can be used to manage psoriasis around the eyes. These include applying aloe vera gel, coconut oil, or tea tree oil to the affected area to reduce inflammation and itching. Taking warm baths with Epsom salts or oatmeal can also help to soothe the skin. It is important to note that home remedies should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment.
Diet and Lifestyle Changes to Manage Psoriasis Around Eyes
Diet and lifestyle changes can also help to manage psoriasis around the eyes. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help to reduce inflammation and support a healthy immune system. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, nuts, and seeds can also help to reduce inflammation. It is also important to avoid smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and stress.
Coping Strategies for Psoriasis Around Eyes
Living with psoriasis around the eyes can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. It is important to develop coping strategies to manage the condition and maintain a positive outlook. This may include seeking support from friends and family, joining a support group, or working with a therapist. It is also important to practice self-care, such as getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and engaging in activities that bring joy and relaxation.
Psoriasis around the eyes is a challenging condition to manage, but it is possible to reduce flare-ups and maintain healthy skin with the right treatments and lifestyle practices. By understanding the symptoms, causes, triggers, and treatment options of psoriasis around the eyes, individuals can take control of their condition and improve their quality of life. If you are experiencing symptoms of psoriasis around the eyes, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.