What you should know about oily skin

Oily skin, scientifically known as seborrhea, has been a baffling beauty concern for many individuals. The culprit behind this is an oily substance called sebum. While sebum is essential for skin health, an overproduction of it can lead to a greasy appearance and other skin issues. Let's delve deeper into understanding the nuances of oily skin.


Decoding Oily Skin

What is Oily Skin?

Oily skin arises from an overproduction of sebum, a natural oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands. This surplus sebum can lend a gleaming or oily look to the skin, especially in the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) area. Enlarged pores and a predisposition towards breakouts like blackheads or whiteheads, and a thick or coarse skin texture are also hallmark characteristics of oily skin.

Note: Having oily skin isn't necessarily bad. The natural oils in our skin play a pivotal role in maintaining and protecting the skin's health. As we age, sebum production decreases, leading to dry skin and wrinkles. So, sebum production can help maintain a youthful appearance.

How to Identify Oily Skin?

Oily skin often appears shiny or greasy in the T-zone area. You may also observe enlarged pores on your nose, chin and forehead, and a tendency towards breakouts, particularly in the form of blackheads or whiteheads. If your skin is oily in the T-zone area, but dry elsewhere, you likely have combination skin.

Appearance of Oily Skin

Oily skin often appears shiny or greasy, with enlarged pores, blackheads, and whiteheads, especially on the nose, chin, and forehead. These features are due to the accumulation of excess oil, dead skin cells, and debris on the skin's surface.

Texture of Oily Skin

Individuals with oily skin often exhibit larger sebaceous glands, resulting in a thicker and more robust dermis layer compared to other skin types. This excess sebum production can give rise to a skin surface that feels greasy or oily to the touch, while blemishes and clogged pores further contribute to alterations in the skin's texture.

Uncovering the Causes of Oily Skin

Genetics and Hormones

Some people may be genetically predisposed to producing more oil than others, leading to an oily skin type. Men tend to have more oily skin than women due to their higher testosterone levels. Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during puberty, menstruation, or pregnancy, can also result in an increase in oiliness.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors can also influence oily skin. Exposure to heat and humidity, as well as certain types of makeup and skincare products, can contribute to excess oil production. Over-cleansing or using harsh skincare products can strip the skin of its natural oils, leading to a rebound effect where the skin produces even more oil to compensate.

Lifestyle Factors

Other factors that may contribute to oily skin include stress, lack of sleep, dehydration, and a poor diet.

Caring for Oily Skin

Proper care of oily skin requires making the right product choices. Here's an appropriate skincare routine for oily skin:


Use a gentle cleanser with lukewarm water twice a day to remove excess oil, dirt, and impurities from the skin.


A toner can help balance the skin's pH and control oil production. Look for a toner that's designated for oily skin.


Use an oil-free moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated.


Dissolve dead skin cells and pore-clogging debris with a chemical exfoliant designed for oily skin.

Use a Clay Mask

A clay mask can help absorb excess oil, purify the skin, and regulate sebum production.


Shield your skin from harmful UV rays by applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen during the daytime.

Consult a Dermatologist

If you find yourself experiencing skin issues related to excess sebum production, consulting with a dermatologist is highly recommended.

Remember, understanding and caring for your skin's unique needs can make a significant difference in maintaining its overall well-being and appearance.